Tuesday, May 15, 2018

This Year - Shavuot begins at Sunset on Saturday, May 19 right after Shabbath - ends Monday, May 21 after Sunset.




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A Very Very Simple Guide for Shavuot Celebration


(This Document contains G-d's Name, therefore it may NOT be thrown out)


For More Information Visit: https://www.partnersintorah.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/shavuot.pdf

The holiday of Shavuot is the day on which we celebrate the great revelation of the giving of the Torah at Mount Sinai, 3,330 years ago. You stood at the foot of the mountain. Your grandparents and great-grandparents before them. The souls of all Jews, from all times, came together to hear the Ten Commandments from G‑d Himself.

Every year on the holiday of Shavuot we renew our acceptance of G‑d’s gift, and celebrate our identity.

The giving of the Torah was a far-reaching spiritual event—one that touched the essence of the Jewish soul for all times. Our sages have compared it to a wedding between G‑d and the Jewish people. Shavuot also means “oaths,” for on this day G‑d swore eternal devotion to us, and we in turn pledged everlasting loyalty to Him.


UNIQUE FEATURES OF SHAVUOT

  • Women and girls light holiday candles to usher in the holiday, on both the first and second evenings of the holidays.
  • It is customary to stay up all night learning Torah on the first night of Shavuot. (the night of Saturday night May 19th). One explanation for this tradition is that the Jewish people did not rise early on the day G‑d gave the Torah, and it was necessary for G‑d Himself to awaken them. To compensate for their behavior, Jews have accepted upon themselves the custom of remaining awake all night.
  • All men, women and children should go to the synagogue on the first day of Shavuot to hear the reading of the Ten Commandments.

  • Since Shavuot is also called the “Harvest Festival,” it is customary to adorn the home and synagogue with fruits, flowers and greens. Furthermore, our Sages relate that although Mount Sinai was situated in a desert, when the Torah was given the mountain bloomed and sprouted flowers.
  • As on other holidays, special meals are eaten, and no “work” may be performed.

  • It is customary to eat dairy foods on Shavuot. Among other reasons, this commemorates the fact that upon receiving the Torah, including the kosher laws, the Jewish people could not cook meat in their pots, which had yet to be rendered kosher. Also, the Torah is likened to nourishing milk. The Hebrew word for milk is chalav, and when the numerical values of each of the letters in the word chalav are added together—8 + 30 + 2—the total is forty. Forty is the number of days Moses spent on Mount Sinai when receiving the Torah.
  • On the second day of Shavuot, the Yizkor memorial service for the deceased is recited.
  • Some communities read the Book of Ruth publicly, as King David—whose passing occurred on this day—was a descendant of Ruth, one of the most famous converts to Judaism.
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All times are for Philadelphia PA

Women (or if there isn't a woman in the house, the head of the household), light candles. Saturday and Sunday nights please light from existing fire. You can light a memorial 24 hour candle before Shabath for this purpose.

Friday May 18th - at 7:54pm

Ba-ruch A-tah Ado-nai E-lo-hei-nu me-lech ha-olam asher ki-deshanu be-mitzvo-tav ve-tzvi-vanu Lehadlik Ner Shel Shabath Koidesh
 (Blessed are You, L-rd our G-d, King of the universe, who has sanctified us with His commandments and has commanded us light the candle of Holly Shabath.)
Saturday  May 19th After 9:24 pm
and Sunday May 20th after 9:25 pm
Say both prayers on both nights
Ba-ruch A-tah Ado-nai E-lo-hei-nu me-lech ha-olam asher ki-deshanu be-mitzvo-tav ve-tzvi-vanu Lehadlik Ner Shel Yom Tov
 (Blessed are You, L-rd our G-d, King of the universe, who has sanctified us with His commandments and has commanded us light the candle of the Holiday.)

and
Ba-ruch A-tah Ado-nai E-lo-hei-nu me-lech ha-olam she-heche-ya-nu ve-ki-yi-ma-nu ve-higi-a-nu liz-man ha-zeh
(Blessed are You, Lord our G-d, King of the universe, who has granted us life, sustained us, and enabled us to reach this occasion.)




Evening Kiddush for Saturday and Sunday Nights


Kiddush is recited while holding a cup of kosher wine or grape juice.



Baruch atah A-donay, Elo-heinu Melech Ha’Olam borei pri hagafen.

Blessed are You, L-rd our G‑d, King of the universe, Who creates the fruit of the vine.


Barukh atah A-do-nai, Elohaynu, melekh ha-olam asher bachar banu mee-kol am, v'rom'manu mee-kol lashon v'kee'd'shanu b'meetzvotav, va-teeten lanu, A-do-nai Elohaynu, b'ahavah mo'adeem l'seemchah, chageem u-z'maneem l'sason, et yom chag haShavuot hazeh zman matan torateynu meekra kodesh, zeicher leetzeeyat meetz'rayeem Ki Vanu Vacharta V’osanu Keedashtsa mee-kol ha'amim U-mo'aday Kadsh’kha b'simchah u-v'sason hin’chal’tanu. Barukh atah Adonai, mkadesh Yisra'el v'ha-z'manim. (Amein)

Blessed are you, Lord, our God, king of the universe who has chosen us from among all people, and exalted us above every tongue and sanctified us with His commandments, and you gave us, Lord our God, with love appointed festivals for gladness, festivals and times for joy, this day of  the festival of Shavuot, the time of our gladness a holy convocation, a memorial of the exodus from Egypt Indeed, You have chosen us and made us holy among all peoples and  your holy festivals in gladness and in joy you have given us for an inheritance Blessed are You, who sanctifies Israel and the seasons. (Amen)





Barukh atah Adonai, Eloheinu, melekh ha'olam shehecheyanu v'kiyimanu v'higi'anu laz'man hazeh.


Blessed are you, Lord, our God, sovereign king of the universe who has kept us alive, sustained us, and enabled us to reach this season (Amen)



Pour some wine into a separate cup for guests and then drink the rest yourself without talking.





On Saturday night , add the following two Havdalah blessings.

A multi wicked candle or two ordinary candles with flames touching each other, should be held before the person reciting the Havdalah. After the first blessing, hold the fingers up to the Flames to see the reflected light.



Baruch attah Adonai eloheinu Melech ha-olam Borei Meorei Haeish.

Baruch attah Adonai eloheinu Melech ha-olam, hamavdil bein kodesh lichol bein or lichoshech bain Yisrael laamim bein yom hashvii lsheshes yemei hamaaseh. Bein kidushas Shabbos lkedushas yom tov hivdalta vies yom hashvii misheshes yemei hamaseh kidashta. Hivdalta vkidashta es amcha Yisroel bkidushasecha. Baruch attah adonai, hamavdil bein Kodesh Likodesh.


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Challah

Immediately following the kiddush, we perform the ritual washing for bread. Fill a large cup with water. Pass the cup to your left hand and pour three times over your right hand. Repeat by pouring on your left hand. As you wipe your hands recite the blessing:

Baruch atah A-donoy, Elo-heinu Melech Ha’Olam, asher kidshanu bemitzvotav vetzivanu al netilat yadayim.

When everyone has returned to the table, we raise the two challah loaves and recite the blessing:



Ba-ruch atah A-do-nay, E-lo-hei-nu Melech Ha-Olam, hamotzie le-chem min ha-are-tz.

[Blessed are You, L-rd, our G‑d, King of the universe, who brings forth bread from the earth.]

Cut the Challah, dip it in salt 3 times and have a bite. Pass around pieces.Image result for ten commandments image
The Ten Commandments

1. "I am the Lord your G-d, Who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.

2. "You shall have no other gods before Me. You shall not make for yourself a graven image, nor any manner of likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. You shall not bow down to them, nor serve them. For I the Lord your G-d am a jealous G-d, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children of the third and fourth generation of them that hate Me; and showing mercy unto the thousandth generation of them that love Me and keep My commandments.

3. "You shall not take the name of the Lord your G-d in vain; for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that takes His name in vain.

4. "Remember the Sabbath Day, to keep it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all your work; but the seventh day is a Sabbath unto the Lord your G-d. On it you shall not do any manner of work -- you, your son, your daughter, your man-servant, your maid-servant, your cattle, and your stranger that is within your gates. For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea and all that in them is, and rested on the seventh day; wherefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath Day, and hallowed it.

5. "Honor your father and mother, so that your days may be long upon the land which the Lord your G-d gives you.

6. "You shall not murder.

7. "You shall not commit adultery.

8. "You shall not steal.

9. "You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.

10. "You shall not covet your neighbor's house; you shall not covet your neighbor's wife, his manservant, his maid-servant, his ox, his ass, nor anything that is your neighbor's."



Recipe Ideas
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Cheesecake



GRAHAM CRACKER CRUST 
18 double graham crackers 
2/3 cup margarine, softened 
1/3 cup sugar 

OR 

WHOLE WHEAT CRUST 
1/2 cup oil 
1 1/3 cups whole wheat flour 
4 Tbsps. brown sugar 
1/4 cup shredded coconut 
(optional) 

FILLING 
1 pound cream cheese 
3/4 pound cottage cheese 
2 eggs 
1 1/2 cups sugar 
1/4 tsp. Salt 
2 1/2 Tbsps. cornstarch 
1 1/4 cups sour cream 
3/4 cup milk 
1 tsp. vanilla extract 

USE: 9 x 13 inch pan 
YIELDS: 20 servings 

GRAHAM CRACKER CRUST: Crush graham crackers in blender until finely ground. Place crumbs in a large bowl. Add margarine and sugar and combine well. Press firmly into pan on sides and bottom. 

Preheat oven to 350°. 

WHOLE WHEAT CRUST: Mix oil, flour, and sugar together in a medium bowl. Add coconut, if desired. Press mixture into bottom of pan. Bake for 5 to 10 minutes, until lightly browned. 

FILLING: Beat cream cheese and cottage cheese together until smooth. Add eggs and beat until blended Combine sugar, salt, and cornstarch with cheese mixture Add sour cream, milk, and vanilla. Blend well. Pour filling slowly into crust. 

Bake for I hour. Turn oven off and allow cake to cool in oven for about I hour. 

Serve chilled 

TOPPING SUGGESTIONS: Add fresh fruit or berries, shaved almonds or 1/2 cup reserved graham cracker crust 

NOTE: Graham crackers can also be crushed by hand: place in plastic bag and fasten tightly. Crush grahams with rolling pin.



Cheese Blintzes

Blintzes are a traditional dish for the holiday of Shavuot. Top with sour cream, apple sauce or cinnamon and sugar. 

BATTER 
4 eggs 
1/2 cup milk 
1/2 cup water 
1 cup flour 
1/4 cup sugar 
1 package vanilla sugar 
Pinch of salt 
1 Tbsp. oil 

CHEESE FILLING I 
1/2 pound farmer cheese 
4 ounces cream cheese 
4 Tbsps. honey or 
maple syrup 
juice of 1/2 lemon 
1 egg yolk 

CHEESE FILLING II 
1 pound cottage cheese, 
strained 
2 egg yolks 
2 Tbsps. flour 
2 Tbsps. sugar 
1 tsp. vanilla sugar 
1/4 cup raisins (optional) 

USE: 7 inch skillet 
YIELDS: 12 blintzes 

BATTER: In a large mixer bowl combine eggs, milk, water and blend well. Gradually add flour, then both sugars, salt and oil. Beat well until there are no lumps in the batter. 

FILLING I: Combine all ingredients in a bowl and beat well. Or combine all the ingredients in a blender container and blend until smooth. 

FILLING II: Combine all ingredients, except raisins, in a bowl and beat well. Or all the ingredients can be combined in a blender container and blended until smooth. Then add raisins. 

TO ASSEMBLE CREPES: 1. Prepare batter and filling of your choice. Using a paper towel or basting brush, apply a thin coating of oil to a 7 inch skillet. Place skillet over medium heat until skillet is hot but not smoking.

2. Ladle approximately 1/3 cup of batter into the skillet. Tilt pan to swirl the batter so it covers the bottom of the skillet.

3. Fry on one side until small air bubbles form, and top is set. Bottom should be golden brown. When done, carefully loosen edges of crepe and slip out of skillet onto a plate..

4. Repeat the above procedure until all the batter is used. Grease the skillet as needed..

5. Turn each crepe so that golden brown side is up. Place 3 tablespoons of filling on one edge in a 2 1/2 inch long by 1-inch wide mound..

6. Roll once to cover filling. Fold the sides into the center and continue rolling until completely closed..

7. Heat 2 tablespoons of oil in the skillet and place each crepe seam side down in the skillet and fry 2 minutes on each side, turning once. 

VARIATION: Whole wheat pastry flour can be used instead of white flour.






Monday, May 14, 2018

Either my grandfather was crazy, or I am crazy ...

When we walk in the ways of Torah, amazing things will happen - some of which we will see during our lifetimes - some of which we will not see during our lifetime - but they will happen - as the following true story illustrates:

Joe was a very successful Israeli. A son of holocaust survivors, he rose from a childhood of poverty, and by the mid-1980s, built up a huge successful hi-tech company. One day his wife called, asking him to pick up some meat on his way home from the office. He stopped at a trendy take-out place to order basar lavan (pork). As he stood on line, he began to feel uneasy. He began to remember a story he had heard from his parents. He always knew this story, but now it took on heightened meaning:

Joe's maternal grandfather was Rabbi Shraga Feivel of Hungary. Rabbi Shraga Feivel was captured by the Nazis about a year before the war ended, and imprisoned at a slave labor camp. After a year in hell, Rabbi Shraga Feivel was about to be free. The war was over and the allied forces were going from camp to camp, liberating the prisoners. They could already see the smoke of the allied forces marching their way. Freedom was mere hours away.

At that moment, the Head SS Officer gathered the Jewish prisoners together and announced, "The war has ended. In a few hours you will all be free." "All but you," he said, pointing to Rabbi Shraga Feivel, "You must pass one more test. You must eat this piece of pig's meat. Only then will you be allowed to go free. Refuse and I will shoot you in the head right here and now."

The tension was so thick, you could cut it with a knife. Rabbi Shraga Feivel had been meticulous all through his stay at the camps, not to eat unkosher meat. He didn't even eat soup which might contain meat. Rabbi Shraga Feivel proclaimed, "I will not eat chazir fleisch (pork)."

A shot rang out, and Rabbi Shraga Feivel's soul was returned to its creator.

And now 40 years later, Rabbi Shraga Feivel's grandson stood thinking to himself, "I am waiting in line to pay money to eat that which my grandfather gave his life not to consume. All he had to do was eat that one small piece of pork, and he would be set free. He would be allowed to return to his family - yet he wouldn't do it. I have everything, I am free to live with my family and have anything I want; yet I am about to purchase this meat."

"Either my grandfather was crazy, or I am crazy - and I cannot believe that he was crazy," thought Joe as he got off the line and went to buy dinner elsewhere.

When he got home, he spoke to his wife about his feelings and the emptiness he had been experiencing. They both had to acknowledge that despite all their material prosperity, a certain spiritual emptiness gnawed at him. They were missing something but never knew exactly what. They spoke for a long time about values and what is important in life. They decided to attend an Arachim Seminar. Joe was enthralled by the seminar - it penetrated the murky mysteriousness of G-d, Torah and Judaism. It rocked his world and shook his soul.

Afterwards, Joe ran up to them and said, "Why isn't this incredible message getting out to the whole world?" They explained that though they had a terrific 'product,' they lacked the money, manpower, and marketing to do so. Joe would not hear of this. Right then and there, he became the General Director of Arachim - a title which he still proudly holds to this day.

Joe, now known as Yossi, lives a completely observant life with his wonderful family. He has estimated that since the 1980s, tens of thousands of children have been born to families that were re-JEW-venated by Arachim (
http://www.arachimusa.org/). [The foregoing true story is documented in The Maggid Series by Rabbi Paysach Krohn.] (©2018. Printed with permission from Rabbi Baruch Lederman, author of Shulweek www.kehillastorah.org.) 

Monday, March 26, 2018

This Year Passover Begins Friday March 30th, 2018 before Sunset and Ends Saturday April 7th after Sunset





A VERY VERY SIMPLE GUIDE TO THE PASSOVER SEDER CELEBRATION

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(This Document contains G-d's Name, therefore it may NOT be thrown out)

For more information go to : https://www.chabad.org/holidays/passover/default_cdo/aid/109747/jewish/Passover.htm



The mission of the night is to talk about the story of the Exodus with our children and to impress upon them that G-d took us out of Egypt miraculously. This is a biblical commandment!

It would be a good idea to prepare before hand so that it can be done in exciting and knowledgeable way. Have fun with the story, maybe even buy props and offer prizes and gifts for finding Afikomen and helping with the Seder.  Here is an example: https://www.amazon.com/Passover-Plagues-Puppets-Kit-Create-Children/dp/B007HN678M

It is customary to either throw away all the forbidden food or sell it.

https://www.chabad.org/holidays/passover/sell_chometz_cdo/jewish/Sell-Your-Chametz-Online.htm#utm_medium=email&utm_source=10_holiday_guide_en&utm_campaign=en&utm_content=content

On the evening before Passover, as soon as the sun is down, gather the household together and recite the following blessing: Blessed are You, L-rd our G‑d, King of the universe, who has sanctified us by His commandments, and has commanded us concerning the removal of chametz.

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Summary

The Torah instructs a Jew not to eat (or even possess) chometz during Passover. (Exodus 13:3). "Chometz" is defined as any of the five grains (wheat, spelt, barley, oats, and rye) which have been mixed with a liquid and been allowed to rise for at least 18 minutes before being baked. 



We are obligated to eat Matzah which is defined as any of the five grains (wheat, spelt, barley, oats, and rye) which have been mixed with a liquid and are baked in an oven within 18 minutes.

                                                                                                       

We are also not allowed to eat Kitnyot which is rice, corn, soy beans, string beans, peas, lentils, peanuts, mustard, sesame seeds and poppy seeds. (Some Sefardik Jews are more lenient regarding some forms of Kitnyot. Please ask a Rabbi)



I summarized the most important things of the night.  I recommend you print out the pages from the link For more detailed guide http://www.partnersintorah.org/uploads/pesachin60.pdf



Passover diet begins from March 30th at 11:00 a.m. until April 7 about an hour after sunset (8:42 Philadelphia and New York Times)

Candle Lighting (you can use two tea lights) –  for times check - http://www.chabad.org/calendar/candlelighting.htm

The times below are for Philadelphia/NY areas

Friday March 30, 2018  at  7:04 pm.

Saturday April  1 AFTER at 8:36  pm

Friday April  6 at  8:42 pm.

Saturday April  7 AFTER  8:23 pm

On Friday, March 30 and Friday 6, 2018  - light the candles, cover your eyes and say:

BAH-ROOCH AH-TAH AH-DOH-NOI EH-LOH-HEH-NOO MEH-LECH HAH-OH-LAHM AH-SHER KEE-DEH-SHAH-NOO BEH-MITZ-VOH-TAHV VEH-TZEE-VAH-NOO LEH-HAD-LEEK NER SHEL SHABATH VYOHM TOHV.

(Blessed are You, L‑rd our G‑d, King of the universe, who has sanctified us with His commandments, and commanded us to kindle Shabath and the Yom Tov light.)


BAH-ROOCH AH-TAH AH-DOH-NOI EH-LOH-HEH-NOO MEH-LECH HAH-OH-LAHM SHEH-HEH-CHEH-YAH-NOO VEH-KEE-YEH-MAH-NOO VEH-HEE-GHEE-AH-NOO LIZ-MAHN HAH-ZEH.

(Blessed are You, L‑rd our G‑d, King of the universe, who has granted us life, sustained us, and enabled us to reach this occasion.)

On Saturday, April 1st and April 7th, 2018  - Light the candles, cover your eyes and say:

BAH-ROOCH AH-TAH AH-DOH-NOI EH-LOH-HEH-NOO MEH-LECH HAH-OH-LAHM AH-SHER KEE-DEH-SHAH-NOO BEH-MITZ-VOH-TAHV VEH-TZEE-VAH-NOO LEH-HAD-LEEK NER SHEL YOHM TOHV.

(Blessed are You, L‑rd our G‑d, King of the universe, who has sanctified us with His commandments, and commanded us to kindle Yom Tov light.)

Remember : Holidays ENDS Saturday, April 7, 2018 - 8:42 PM



On the table have a plate with:



·         Bone

·         Egg

·         Horseradish

·         Harosetz (mix of grated apples, nuts and a bit of wine)

·         Salt water

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Also on the table should be Wine, Matza, and a green vegetable (Celery, Lettus, Parsley).



The head of the table should have a plate with three complete matzahs stacked on top of each other.



As you might know we drink 4 cups of wine (try to use Kedem) during the night.



These cups represent 4 ways that G-d took us out of Egypt.

1. Hotzeisi – took us out of hard labor

2. Hezalti – saved us out of slavery

3. Goalti – took us out of Egypt

4. Lakahti- Took us as His nation



These are the steps of the nights



1. Kadesh – Today we are KINGS not slaves.

Say Boruch Ata Ado-nai Alo-chainu Meleh Haolom Bore Pre Agafen” - Lean to the left and drink a first cup.

Immediately fill the second cup



2. Orchats – Wash Hands– (pour water from a cup three times on each hand – start from the right

 hand). We do not say a blessing.



3. Carpas – Dip a green vegetable of your choice (Ex. celery) in salt water. (Have in mind you will be eating more vegetables a little later for Maror and this blessing should count for that as well.) Boruch Ata Ado-nai Alo-hainu Meleh Haolom Bore Pre Haadama”



4. Yachats – Break middle Matza into 2 parts (big piece called Afikomen – we wrap in a napkin and hide). It is fun to let kids find it and when they do they get a gift.



Smaller part we put back. Two parts represent redemption (bigger one) in the future. Matza is called (Lechem Oni) – Bread of my affliction, yet Oni also means “to speak” because this MATZA is the central piece of the holiday.



5. Magid 



The FOUR questions called Mah Nishtana - (to be asked by the youngest person at the table)



English
Transliteration
Why is this night different
from all the other nights;
Mah nishtanah, ha-laylah ha-zeh,
mi-kol ha-leylot
That on all other nights we eat both
chametz and matzah,
on this night, we eat only matzah
She-b'khol ha-leylot 'anu 'okhlin
chameytz u-matzah,
ha-laylah ha-zeh, kulo matzah
That on all other nights we eat
many vegetables,
on this night, maror
She-b'khol ha-leylot 'anu 'okhlin
sh'ar y'rakot,
ha-laylah ha-zeh, maror
That in all other nights we do not
dip vegetables even once,
on this night, we dip twice
She-b'khol ha-leylot 'eyn 'anu
matbilin 'afilu pa`am 'achat,
ha-laylah ha-zeh, shtey f`amim
That in all other nights
some eat sitting and others reclining,
on this night, we are all reclining
She-b'khol ha-leylot 'anu 'okhlin
beyn yoshvin u-veyn m'subin,
ha-laylah ha-zeh, kulanu m'subin





(Story) –

1. We were slaves in Egypt and the Lord freed us from Egypt with a mighty hand. Had not the Holy One liberated our people from Egypt, then we, our children and our children's children would still be enslaved.

2. We were not born free men and women; we were not born believers in one God. We came from an ancestry of slaves and idol worshippers. Tonight, we celebrate, not our genesis -- what we were or what our ancestors were -- but what we have become. We are a choosing people, and our choice has come out of tragic encounters with pagan superstition and political enslavement. We are a choosing people and we have discovered the meaning of our choice: to live as witnesses to one God who calls upon us to mend the world, to make whole the broken vessels of this incomplete world.

3. The Torah recounts the early history of the Jewish people. It describes how God commanded Abraham to leave his country and his father's house and to go to the land of Canaan, where he would become the founder of "a great nation." Abraham and his wife, Sarah, obeyed God's command and journeyed to Canaan. There God blessed them and their family. Their son was Isaac, who married Rebecca. Their grandson was Jacob; and it was Jacob who went down to Egypt.

4. Why did Jacob journey to Egypt? Because Joseph, his son by his beloved Rachel, had become prime minister to Pharaoh, king of Egypt. When a famine broke out in Canaan, Joseph asked his father and all his family to join him there. Then Joseph gave his father and his brethren a possession, as Pharaoh commanded. And Israel dwelt in the land of Goshen; and they were fruitful and multiplied exceedingly



5. Joseph died, and all his brethren, and all that generation. Now there arose a new Pharaoh over Egypt, who knew not Joseph. And he said unto his people, "Behold, the people of the children of Israel are too many and too mighty for us; come, let us deal wisely with them, lest they multiply, and it come to pass, that if there be a war, they join themselves unto our enemies and fight against us." Therefore Pharaoh set over them taskmasters to afflict them with burdens. But the more the Egyptians afflicted them, the more the Israelites multiplied and the more they spread abroad.



6. The cruelest decree of all was the Pharaoh's order that every baby boy born to an Israelite woman be drowned in the River Nile. One couple, Amram and Yocheved, would not kill their newborn son. Instead, they hid him in their hut for three months. When his cries became too loud, Yocheved placed him in a basket on the river. Their daughter Miriam watched to see what would happen.


7. As the Pharaoh's daughter came to bathe in the river, she discovered the basket. She felt pity for the helpless child and decided to keep him as her own. She named him Moshe (Moses), which means "drawn from the water." Bravely, Miriam asked the princess if she needed a nurse to help her with the baby. The princess said yes, and so it happened that Yocheved was able to care for her own son and teach him about his heritage.

8. Moses would have lived at the Pharaoh's palace forever, but he could not ignore the suffering of his people. Once when he saw an Egyptian beating an Israelite slave, he could not control his anger, and he killed the Egyptian. Knowing his life would be in danger once the news of this deed spread, Moses fled to the land ofMidian where he became a shepherd.



9. One day, while tending sheep on Mount Horeb, Moses saw a bush that seemed to be on fire, but was not burning up. From the bush, he heard God's voice calling him. God said, "I am the God of your ancestors. I have seen the suffering of the Israelites and have heard their cries. I am ready to take them out of Egypt and bring them to a new land, a land flowing with milk and honey."

10. God told Moses to return to Egypt to bring the message of freedom to the Israelites and to warn Pharaoh that God would bring plagues on the Egyptians if he did not let the slaves go free. Moses was such a humble man that he could not imagine being God's messenger. "I will be with you," God promised Moses. With this assurance and challenge, Moses set out for Egypt.

11. When Moses asked Pharaoh to free the Israelites, he refused. It was only then that God brought ten plagues on the Egyptians. Each one frightened Pharaoh, and each time he promised to free the slaves. But when each plague ended, Pharaoh did not keep his word. It was only after the last plague, the death of the firstborn of the Egyptians, that Pharaoh agreed to let the Israelites go. And so it was that God brought us forth out of Egypt, with a mighty hand and with an outstretched arm and with great terror and with signs and with wonders.

12. The experience of the Exodus was transforming; it made us a free people forever. No matter how oppressed we are, deep inside we remain free. We know now that history has meaning. We know that power cannot vanquish freedom forever. We know that God has purposes in human history.



We say “This is the bread of our affliction” – pointing to Matza





The Torah speaks of four types of children: one is wise, one is wicked, one is simple, and one does not know how to ask.

The Wise One asks: "What is the meaning of the laws and traditions God has commanded?" (Deuteronomy6:20) You should teach him all the traditions of Passover, even to the last detail.

The Wicked One asks: "What does this ritual mean to you?" (Exodus 12:26) By using the expression "to you" he excludes himself from his people and denies God. Shake his arrogance and say to him: "It is because of what the Lord did for me when I came out of Egypt..." (Exodus 13:8) "For me" and not for him -- for had he been in Egypt, he would not have been freed.

The Simple One asks: "What is all this?" You should tell him: "It was with a mighty hand that the Lord took us out of Egypt, out of the house of bondage." (Exodus 13:14)

As for the One Who Does Not Know How To Ask, you should open the discussion for him, as it is written: "And you shall explain to your child on that day, 'It is because of what the Lord did for me when I came out of Egypt." (Exodus 13:8)



THEN : We say “Blood/Fire/Pillars of Smoke” “Dam/VoAish/Vesimros Ashan”

We take 3 drops out of 2nd cup that we did NOT drink yet.



Blood Represents Plagues

Fire Represent Escape (what separated us from Egyptians going out)

Smoke Represents giving of Torah



NOW we mention 10 plagues (as we mention it – we spill a drop of wine out of 2nd cup for each one – We do it because even though we are thrilled about the plagues that took place that saved us…we are still sad about people (Egyptians) that suffered. We are respectful of all G-ds creations.

1.       Blood – Dam

2.       Frogs –Tsifardeya

3.       Lice- Kenem

4.       Wild Beasts- Arov

5.       Death of Animals – Dever

6.       Boils (Infection of Skin) – Shchin

7.       Hail- Barad

8.       Locust – Arbe

9.       Darkness- Chosheh

10.   Death of the first born – Makas bechoros



Rabbi Yehuda says that we need to make an acronym from 10 plagues (in Hebrew)

First 3  are – Dtsah

Next 3 are  - Adash

Last four are  -Beahav

We show the order moving to more severe plagues…therefore increasing our belief in G-d.



We sing Dayenu song.

This song states that whatever G-d gave and gives and did and does for us is ENOUGH.

How many are the gifts that God has granted us!
Had God taken us out of Egypt without
bringing judgments against them...Da'yenu!
Had God brought judgments against them
without carrying us across the Sea...Da'yenu!
Had God carried us across the Sea without
caring for us for forty years...Da'yenu!
Had God cared for us for forty years
without giving us the Sabbath...Da'yenu!
Had God given us the Sabbath without the
gift of Torah on Mount Sinai...Da'yenu!
Had God given us the Torah without
bringing us into the land of Israel...Da'yenu!
How many are the gifts that God has granted us!
Ee'lu hotzee, hotzee'anu, hotzee'anu me'mitzraim, da'yenu

Rabbi Gamliah said that saying these 3 things are VERY important:

Point to bone-this represents Pesach sacrifice.

Point to Matza- this is the Matza that we carried out of Egypt.

Point to horseradish – this represents the bitterness of our lives in Egypt.



Pick up the 2nd cup and say “Boruch Ata Ado-nai Alo-chainu Meleh Haolom Bore Pre Hagafen” -  lean to the left and drink.

 Image result for passover images





6. Rochtza – Wash hands (pour water from a cup three times on each hand – start from the right

 hand). We say a blessing.



Boruch Ata Ado-nai Alo-chainu Meleh Haolom Asher Kideshanu Bimitzvotav Vitzivanu Al Nitzilas Yadaim



7. Motzi Matza- Take 2 Matzas that are in front of us and say

“Boruch Ata Ado-nai Alochainu Meleh Haolom Hamotzi Lehem Min Haoretz”

Then say “Boruch Ata Ado-nai Alo-chainu Meleh Haolom Asher Kideshanu Bimitzvotav Vitzivanu Al Achilas Matza”

Lean to the left as we eat matza.



8. Morer – Take horseradish and dip it in haroses (mix of grated apples, nuts and a bit of wine)



Before we eat we say “Boruch Ata Ado-nai Alo-chainu Meleh Haolom Asher Kideshanu Bimitzvotav Vitzivanu Al Ahilas Moror”



9. Koreh – Make a sandwich with 2 pieces of Matza in-between with Horseradish and Haroses.



10. Shulhan Oreh – Meal

Start a meal with a piece of egg which represents a cycle of life. Meat for this meal should not be roasted or baked. Rather it should be boiled.



11. Tsafun - At the end of the meal we eat Afikomen that the kids found (see Yahats)

Lean when we eat the Afikomen. We are not allowed to eat anything after we eat Afikomen.



12.Borech – Fill the 3rd cup say a grace after meal

Blessed are You, L-rd our G-d, King of the universe, who, in His goodness, provides sustenance for the entire world with grace, with kindness, and with mercy. He gives food to all flesh, for His kindness is everlasting. Through His great goodness to us continuously we do not lack [food], and may we never lack food, for the sake of His great Name. For He, benevolent G-d, provides nourishment and sustenance for all, does good to all, and prepares food for all His creatures whom He has created, as it is said: You open Your hand and satisfy the desire of every living thing. Blessed are You, L-rd, who provides food for all.

We offer thanks to You, L-rd our G-d, for having given as a heritage to our ancestors a precious, good and spacious land; for having brought us out, L-rd our G-d, from the land of Egypt, and redeemed us from the house of bondage; for Your covenant which You have sealed in our flesh; for Your Torah which You have taught us; for Your statutes which You have made known to us; for the life, favor, and kindness which You have graciously bestowed upon us; and for the food we eat with which You constantly nourish and sustain us every day, at all times, and at every hour.



For all this, L-rd our G-d, we give thanks to You and bless You. May Your Name be blessed by the mouth of every living being, constantly and forever, as it is written: When you have eaten and are satiated, you shall bless the L-rd your G-d for the good land which He has given you. Blessed are You, L-rd, for the land and for the sustenance.

Have mercy, L-rd our G-d, upon Israel Your people, upon Jerusalem Your city, upon Zion the abode of Your glory, upon the kingship of the house of David Your anointed, and upon the great and holy House over which Your Name was proclaimed. Our G-d, our Father,

On weekdays:
tend us,
On Shabbat and festivals:
our Shepherd,

nourish us, sustain us, feed us, and provide us with plenty; and speedily, L-rd our G-d, grant us relief from all our afflictions. L-rd our G-d, please do not make us dependent upon the gifts of mortal men nor upon their loans, but only upon Your full, open, holy, and generous hand, that we may never be shamed or disgraced.



On Shabbat:
May it please You, L-rd our G-d, to strengthen us through Your mitzvot, and through the mitzvah of the Seventh Day, this great and holy Shabbat. For this day is great and holy before You, to refrain from work and to rest thereon with love, in accordance with the commandment of Your will. In Your good will, L-rd our G-d, bestow upon us tranquility, that there shall be no distress, sadness, or sorrow on the day of our rest. L-rd our G-d, let us see the consolation of Zion Your city, and the rebuilding of Jerusalem Your holy city, for You are the Master of deliverance and the Master of consolation.


 

On Rosh Chodesh, festivals, and Chol Hamoed, add the following.
As the leader recites aloud the words Remember…for good life in the following paragraph, the others respond Amen as indicated.
Our G-d and G-d of our fathers, may there ascend, come, and reach; be seen, accepted, and heard; recalled and remembered before You the remembrance and recollection of us, the remembrance of our fathers, the remembrance ofMashiach the son of David Your servant, the remembrance of Jerusalem Your holy city, and the remembrance of all Your people the House of Israel, for deliverance, well-being, grace, kindness, mercy, good life, and peace, on this day of
On Rosh Chodesh:
Rosh Chodesh.
On Pesach:
the festival of Matzot.
On Shavuot:
the festival of Shavuot.
On Sukkot:
the festival of Sukkot.
On Rosh Hashanah:
the festival of Remembrance.
On Shemini Atzeret:
the festival of Shemini Atzeret
On Rosh Chodesh and Chol Hamoed, omit the following line:
this holy festival day.
Remember us on this [day], L-rd our G-d, for good (Amen); be mindful of us on this [day] for blessing (Amen); help us on this [day] for good life (Amen). With the promise of deliverance and compassion, spare us and be gracious to us, and have mercy upon us and deliver us, for our eyes are directed to You; for You, G-d, are a gracious and merciful King.

And rebuild Jerusalem the holy city speedily in our days. Blessed are You, L-rd, who in His mercy rebuilds Jerusalem. Amen.

Blessed are You, L-rd our G-d, King of the universe, benevolent G-d, our Father, our King, our Strength, our Creator, our Redeemer, our Maker, our Holy One, the Holy One of Jacob, our Shepherd, the Shepherd of Israel, the King who is good and does good to all, each and every day. He has done good for us, He does good for us, and He will do good for us; He has bestowed, He bestows, and He will forever bestow upon us grace, kindness, and mercy; relief, salvation and success; blessing and deliverance; consolation, livelihood and sustenance; compassion, life, peace, and all goodness; and may He never cause us to lack any good. May the Merciful One reign over us forever and ever. May the Merciful One be blessed in heaven and on earth. May the Merciful One be praised for all generations, and pride Himself in us forever and to all eternity, and glorify Himself in us forever and ever. May the Merciful One provide our livelihood with honor.

May the Merciful One break the yoke of exile from our neck, and may He lead us upright to our land. May the Merciful One send abundant blessing into this house and upon this table at which we have eaten. May the Merciful One send us Elijah the prophet—may he be remembered for good—and let him bring us good tidings, deliverance, and consolation. May the Merciful One bless my father, my teacher, the master of this house, and my mother, my teacher, the mistress of this house; them, their household, their children, and all that is theirs; us, and all that is ours. Just as He blessed our forefathers, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, “in all things,” “by all things,” with “all things,” so may He bless all of us together (the children of the Covenant) with a perfect blessing, and let us say, Amen.

From heaven, may there be invoked upon him and upon us such merit as will bring enduring peace. May we receive blessing from the L-rd and kindness from G-d our deliverer, and may we find grace and good understanding in the eyes of G-d and man.

On Shabbat:
May the Merciful One let us inherit that day which will be all Shabbat and rest for life everlasting.
On Rosh Chodesh:
May the Merciful One renew for us this month for good and for blessing.
On festivals:
On Festivals:
May the Merciful One let us inherit that day which is all good.
On On Sukkot and Chol Hamoed Sukkot:
May the Merciful One restore for us the fallen sukkah of David.

May the Merciful One grant us the privilege of reaching the days of the Mashiach and the life of the World to Come.
 

On weekdays:
He gives great deliverance
On Shabbat, Rosh Chodesh, festivals and Chol Hamoed:
He is a tower of deliverance

to His king, and bestows kindness upon His anointed, to David and his descendants forever. He who makes peace in His heavens, may He make peace for us and for all Israel; and say, Amen.

Fear the L-rd, you His holy ones, for those who fear Him suffer no want. Young lions are in need and go hungry, but those who seek the L-rd shall not lack any good. Give thanks to the L-rd for He is good, for His kindness is everlasting. You open Your hand and satisfy the desire of every living thing. Blessed is the man who trusts in the L-rd, and the L-rd will be his security.









Then say “Boruch Ata Ado-nai Alo-chainu Meleh Haolom Bore Pre Agafen”

Drink a third cup leaning to the left





13. Hallel

– We fill one separate cup of wine for the prophet Elijah and put it in the middle of the table.

We also fill a 4th cup for ourselves.

We say “G-d should take out his anger at our enemies NOT us”

Then say “Ana Hashem Hoshia Na Ana Hashem Hoshia Na” which means please G-d save us.

Then say “Ana Hashem Hatsliha Na” which means please G-d help us.



ADD FROM THE ELIJA’S CUP TO YOUR 4TH CUP

Make a blessing on the wine “Boruch Ata Ado-nai Alo-chainu Meleh Haolom Bore Pre Hagafen”

Lean to the left and drink the forth cup.


14. Nertsa



Say “Leshana Haba BeYerushalaem” – NEXT YEAR IN JERUSALEM!..

The End.



There is a tradition to count 49 days (of Omer) from the second day of Passover to the holiday of Shavuot(the giving of the Torah). Every day we count up. This is a symbol of 49 steps of elevation and growth.

https://www.chabad.org/holidays/sefirah/omer-calendar_cdo/jewish/Omer-Calendar.htm